Monday, May 25, 2015

The complex geometry of islamic design

Would you like to learn how to draw a tessellation like the ones that appear in arabic constructions, for example those found in the Alhambra? Some of the patterns shown there are easy to construct, some of them are not so trivial.
We are finishing the Maths and Beyond course. In the next 3 sessions we are going to visit some of the geometry constructions we find in Islamic Art.

Activities Day 1

  1. Watch carefully the vídeo attached above
  2. In groups of 4 people, try to answer the questions

Activities Days 2 and 3

  1. Try to draw by hand you own geometric pattern. You can find more information here. In case you want to construct a six-fold geometry pattern, watch the video above.
  2. Try now to draw the same figure using Geogebra. Is it easier or more difficult to construct?
  3. Search on the internet pictures with nice arabic geometric patterns.
  4. Create a presentation with all the things you learnt about the geometry of islamic design:
    1. Answers to the questions of day 1
    2. A picture of the handmade geometric pattern
    3. An image of your Geogebra geometric construction
    4. Pictures of geometric tessellations you can find in different monuments and ancient buildings. Write down also a little description about it.

Thursday, May 14, 2015

Day 8: Reflection symmetry

  • Find a picture on the web that has some kind of reflection symmetry
  • Insert it in Geogebra
  • Draw the contour of an object.
  • Reflect this object
  • Does this picture has reflection symmetry? Why?
  • Send the results of your investigation on an email
  • Thursday, April 16, 2015

    Extra work

    For those that are finished with the triangle points, here you have some extra exercises:

    1. Construct a triangle of sides 5, 7 and 3 cm with geogebra. Explain below how did you managed it.
    2. Construct an acute triangle with two sides of 5 and 7 cm and an angle of 30º.
    3. Construct a right triangle with sides 4 and 3 cm. What is the length of the hyphotenuse?
    4. Construct an obtuse triangle with a side of 4 cm and an angle of 135º.

    Wednesday, April 8, 2015

    Day 5: Incenter and centroid with geogebra

    After you finish your constructions, you should send the .ggb files altogether in a mail to the teacher.

    Thursday, March 12, 2015

    Day 3: Triangle centers

    Today we're going to study the different triangle centers: centroid, incenter, circumcenter and orthocenter. I'm sure you studied them before. Are you able to remember them?



    Now that you have read about triangle centers, try to do the following activities.

    Wednesday, March 4, 2015

    Day 2: Triangles with geogebra

    You already know that we can classify the triangles acording to their angles and acording to their side lengths. Read this link if you want to know more.


    1.  Open geogebra and draw in the same canvas the following triangles:
      • Equilateral triangle
      • Isosceles triangle
      • Scalene triangle
      • Save the .ggb file
    2.  Open another geogebra file and try to draw the following triangles:
      • Acute triangle
      • Obtuse triangle
      • Right triangle
      • Save the .ggb file
    3. Questions:
      1. Draw here a short definition for each kind of triangle according to their side lengths.
      2. In the second file, use then the angle utility of geogebra and measure each angle. How much is the sum of the 3 angles of a triangle?
    4. Send an email to the teacher with the two .ggb files attached and the answer to the questions.

    Wednesday, February 25, 2015

    Day 1: Learning Geogebra!

    Geogebra is an opensource multiplatform program that lets students experiment with geometry and maths in general. This trimestre we are going to learn the basic tips of this fantastic tool.

    Activity 3.1

    Sit in couples together. Try to make a drawing like the one in the picture. Save the .ggb file that you get. Send the file to the teacher.

    Wednesday, February 4, 2015

    Days 7 & 8: Let's summarize! Prepare your Tangram project presentation

    Now it's time for summarizing. Take all what we have done and try to make a slide presentation using Impress or Prezi. You should gather in groups of 3 or 4 people. Next day you'll have to present it to all your class mates.

    Items to be considered in the presentation

    1. The tangram
      • Origin of the game
      • Pieces of the tangram:
        • Shapes and their names
        • Sizes of the pieces
        • Areas of the pieces
    2. Nice tangram constructions with their names
    3. The Tangram cousin: the Stomachion
      • Origin
      • Pieces
      • Constructions with this Tangram
    4. What's your opinion about this project? Did you like it? Why?
    5. Vocabulary and expressions of the project

    Your oral presentation will be evaluated according to the following rubrics.

    Thursday, January 22, 2015

    Days 5 & 6: The Tangram Cousin. The Stomachion or The Archimedes puzzle

    The Stomachion is a very ancient Tangram-like puzzle designed by Archimedes around the year 200 BC. Let's play a little bit in order to know something more about this puzzle. After that you'll have to fill in the following activities.

    Thursday, January 15, 2015

    Day 4: Are you able to invent a story using 5 different tangram constructions?

    Take your own tangram and try to build 5 different constructions. You don't need to use the ones of the picture, you can surf on the internet to find more. Draw the solution of the constructions on a piece of paper. Afterwards, try to invent a story in which all the created characters appear.

    Wednesday, January 7, 2015

    Day 3: The dimensions of the 7 Tangram pieces

    Have you ever wondered how to compute the length of the sides of every tangram figure? To do so, first of all you should know what the Pythagoras theorem is. Watch the videos and do the following activity.